Patmos İsland

The island of Patmos has an area of 34 sq. kilometres and a coastline of 63 kilometres making it one of the
smallest inhabited islands in the Aegean. With an approximate population of 3000 persons, Patmos forms part of the Dodecanese Islands and lies between the islands of Leros, Fourni and Ikaria.
Famous for its religious past, the island is where Saint John wrote the Book of Revelation. Also known as the "Jerusalem of the Aegean", Patmos was formally declared a Holy Island in 1983 by the Greek government. For many years now, Patmos has been an island of pilgrimage for Catholic and Orthodox faithful who come to the island to absorb the spiritual heritage and bask in its beauty and serenity. Today, this mountainous island with small coves also attracts various sun lovers, wanting to swim in the crystalline waters.
The 2 most architecturally significant elements of Patmos are the towns of Skala and Chora, which is dominated by the majestic and fortress like, Byzantine monastery of Saint John. Although the architecture is traditionally Dodecanese, there are similarities with the Cycladic style of cubic whitewashed houses with flat or tiled roofs and an assortment of coloured shutters and doors.
The main harbour of Patmos, Skala is the most populated town on the island.
Skala as is stands today started its development in the 19th century as prior to this it was susceptible to pirate raids. Houses started to be built and the area gradually became a business and shipping centre. Now with the growth of tourism, Skala is taking on the role of "the city of Patmos" offering the most in the way of public services, supermarkets, gift shops, restaurants, and evening entertainment.
All roads lead to Skala on this island so chances are you will be passing through Skala several times a day. Regular buses connect Skala with the rest of Patmos and there are fishing boats offering daily excursions to various secluded beaches.
Among the many sights of Skala are the ruins of the ancient acropolis, the convent of Zoodochos Pigi, and the church of Panagia Koumana.
Patmos Town (Chora)
Chora is the capital of Patmos and can be found 4km to the southwest of Skala. Built around the imposing fortified Monastery of Saint John during the 12 century, the town came to prominence during the 16 Century when beautiful mansions houses and captain residences were built, testifying to the wealth of the people of Patmos. These can be seen along side the traditional architecture of lovely whitewashed houses on narrow streets and alleyways with flourishing courtyards.
There is a donkey track going from Skala to Chora that was built in 1794. It starts about 1 kilometre in from the port, and takes between 20-30 minutes to walk up to Chora, which can be hard work on a hot summers day. A good idea would be to take a bus up to Chora and walk down, calling in to visit the Cave of the Revelation before returning to Skala
Monastery of St. John
Or in Greek, the monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos, is the first thing you will notice when arriving on Patmos
sitting high on the hill above Chora it is visible from every part of the island. Established in 1088, it has remained the most significant religious and cultural centre on the island.
As you enter the gate you come to the main courtyard inlaid with local pebbles and stones. The eastern side is dominated by an arch with four curves and many frescoes representing the miracles performed by Saint John. In total, the monastery houses ten chapels, and the most impressive part of the monastery is the main chapel with a beautiful wood-carved icon stand, marble floor and rich decoration.
The Library, established by St Christodoulos, is of extreme interest, it includes 2,000 volumes, 13,000 historic documents and 900 manuscripts.
There is also a museum, located next to the bakery. It houses an amazing collection of icons, original manuscripts, sacred relics, vestments embroiled with silver or gold threads and bejewelled with precious stones to list a few. Most of the items within the museum must be seen to be fully appreciated.
Cave of the Apocalypse
St. John the Divine is said to have made his home in this cave and is said to be where he had his revelation, which he dictated to his disciple, Prohoros, and became known as the Book of the Apocalypse, or Revelation, the last book of the Christian Bible. The cave today is enclosed within a sanctuary. There is a monk and/or spiritual leader that will guide you through the cave, although it is recommended to sit on one of the stools and absorb the energy of this miraculous cave that some believe is one of the great mysteries of the world.
Zoodohou Pigis
A women's convent in Chora that was founded by the abbot of the monastery of St. John, in 1607. Even though under renovation the convent is worth a visit. There are two churches, Zoodohou Pigis and St. John the theologian, both with icons dating from the 16th to the 18th century. The courtyards are filled with bougainvilleas and other flourishing flowers well taken care of by the nuns who also make incense and sow or embroider religious garments.